This publication contributes to rethinking education and learning in the context of the changes and the tensions generated by them. It builds on one of UNESCO’s main tasks as a global observatory of social transformation with the objective of stimulating public policy debate. The report is a call for dialogue among all stakeholders. It is inspired by a humanistic vision of education and development, based on respect for life and human dignity, equal rights, social justice, cultural diversity, international solidarity, and shared responsibility for a sustainable future. These are the fundamentals of our common humanity. This book enhances the vision provided by the two landmark UNESCO publications: Learning to Be: The world of education today and tomorrow (1972), the ‘Faure Report’, and Learning: The treasure within (1996), the ‘Delors Report’.